China Needs Girls More Than Ever: One-Child Policy Crisis Looms


A female Chinese university student posted the following note on a wishing wall: “My name is Zhang Mengqian, a grade one student, and I think I am attractive, but strangely I can’t find a boyfriend. However, I believe in destiny. If you have the same wish, please come under my dormitory building and shout my name between 12:30 and 12:50 on March 11 and I will observe you secretly up on the building. If you’re my type, I’ll come down to meet you.” With a male-female ratio at the university of 25-to-1, more than 2,000 hopefuls turned up. Image Source: http://allycatadventures.wordpress.com/2010/11/page/3/

China’s One Child Policy: Looming Gender Imbalance Crisis

Wikileaks has published an important cable in relation to China that has ripped open a sore wound in discussing underlying sexual inequality, and an underlying culture in favour of sexual genocide. The cable reveals that the nations leaders are increasingly worried that large pockets of Chinese may face a destabalising crisis quite soon if the policy and social stigma towards women continues throughout this current generation.

China currently shows abnormally high sex ratios at birth (SRB) and excessive female child mortality rates. These are both serious side-effects of China’s controversial, yet necessary, One-Child-Policy. These side effects contribute directly to an increasingly dire sex ratio imbalance situation in China.

From Wikipedia:

The one-child policy officially restricts married, urban couples to having only one child, although it allows exemptions for several cases, including rural couples, ethnic minorities, and parents without any siblings themselves. A spokesperson of the Committee on the One-Child Policy has said that approximately 35.9% of China’s population is currently subject to the one-child restriction.

The policy was introduced in 1978 and initially applied to first-born children in the year of 1979. It was created by the Chinese government to alleviate social, economic, and environmental problems in China, and authorities claim that the policy has prevented between 250 and 300 million births from its implementation until 2000, and 400 million births from 1979 to 2011. A 2008 survey undertaken by the Pew Research Center reported that 76% of the Chinese population supports the policy.

The social consequences of this imbalance today include an estimated excess of over 30 million unmarriageable males: more than the entire population of many countries, including Australia. Some may argue that this situation is positive because it addresses the population control goal in the first place.

However, this looming crisis is a potentially destabilizing force that threatens to cause unrest in the most economically marginalized areas, and could lead to increased gender violence through demand for prostitution and trafficking in girls and women.

While there is general agreement on sex-selective abortions and post-natal discrimination as the leading causes of China’s abnormally high sex ratio imbalance, these actions are motivated by the interaction of a strong cultural preference and pressure for sons with China’s strict birth limitation policy.

While the government has made reducing the gender imbalance an urgent priority, sources indicate that the
long term deadlines set for normalizing the sex ratio may be further delayed. Controlling prenatal sex identification and sex-selective abortions has been a leading strategy in managing the sex ratio imbalance.

Since 2006, China has also broadened its efforts to include more comprehensive and coordinated approaches to better address the root causes of the problem. However, government efforts to reduce the sex ratio imbalance have thus far steadfastly avoided any major changes to its birth limitation policy.

This population pyramid presents Chinas female *minus* the male population by age, leaving the difference in either males or females, displayed. Source: http://www.china-food-security.org/data/pop/p_23e_m.htm

 

Article Source: CHINA’S ATTEMPTS TO ADDRESS GENDER IMBALANCE PROBLEM | Cable Viewer | Wikileaks.org

 

 

 

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Categories: Beliefs, Morals, Multiculturalism, Politics, Law

Author:Andrew Beato

CEO, Chief Editor and founder of Intentious. Passionate comment enthusiast, amateur philosopher, Quora contributor, audiobook and general knowledge addict.

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